Mongolia the land of blue sky

Climat & temperatures in Mongolie

Climate of Mongolia


Now In Ulaanbaatar

The climate of Mongolia is continental and extreme.


Atmospheric pressures are among the highest on earth. Sunshine is intense and clouds cover the sky practically only in summer. 280 days of full sun per year gave Mongolia its nickname of the Country of Blue Skies.


Ulaanbaatar holds the record of the coldest capital of the planet. Winters are long and harsh (record 2001: - 57°C) and may literally start at the end of September. Rivers or lakes can remain cold until June. Generally, there is not much snow in winter except the two extreme winters of 1999 and 2000 that brought heavy snow falls and caused adverse grazing conditions for livestock (known as dzud).


Thermal amplitudes are significant throughout the year (record: 87°C). Day and night time temperatures fluctuate within a large range. Wide variations are common even during the day. In autumn and spring, the temperature may often rise from - 5°C at the dawn to + 30°C in the afternoon in full sunshine. 


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The summer months of July and August are usually rainy. Sometimes summer rains may even turn into snow high in the mountains. Most rains fall in the form of short but watery downpours and storms rather than continuous rains. Winds blow permanently on these high plateaus where nothing stops them. Another nickname of Mongolia due to winds is the Country of Seven Winds. In spring, strong winds often turn into devastating dust and sandstorms.


During the winters of 1999 and 2000, most of Mongolia’s territory, mainly in the west and the central regions of the country, was affected by dzud, known as unusually hard winter conditions, succeeding a dry summer, when thick layers of show and ice cover the pastures and resulting in grazing difficulties for livestock. The last nationwide dzud dates back to 1944. 


Abundance of snow and inaccessibility of pastures combined with lack of fodder almost completely deprive animals of food. Livestock starvation aggravated by near polar temperatures and blizzards causes devastation in the herds and increase the misery of hundreds of nomadic families. 


The dry and hot summer of 2002 started with numerous fires which devastated 20% of the forest reserves of the country. 


Forest fires began again in spring 2003, especially in the north and the west of the country. In addition to increased pollution, Ulaanbaatar’s sky was often darkened by dense smoke from northern fires. 


The summer of 2003 was somewhat rainy everywhere in the country with stormy episodes leading to local floods and hailstorms.  


Average temperatures in Ulaanbaatar during the year

Average rain in Ulaanbaatar during the year



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